NCHA SUPER STAKES SALE AVERAGES $10,551
MONEY-EARNING CUTTERS TOP AVERAGES AT $13,163
By Glory Ann Kurtz
April 25, 2015
Metallic Flo, a black Metallic Cat daughter, was the high-selling horse of the 2015 NCHA Super Stakes Sale. Consigned by Alan Chappell, the mare brought a $60,000 final bid. Photo by Glory Ann Kurtz
When horse buyers attended the 2015 NCHA Super Stakes Sale, held Saturday, April 18 at the Will Rogers Coliseum in Fort Worth, Texas, they were looking for money-earning cutting horses to have fun in a sport they loved. And they didn’t go home without them.
With 218 horses consigned, 13 were out of the sale and 29 were passed out when the sellers’ reserve bid was more than what the bidders were willing to pay. A total of 105 head passed through the sale ring in the Watt Arena under the hammer of auctioneer Steve Friskup, with 76 changing hands (72 percent), netting $861,900 for a $10,551 average and $9,250 median (half way between the highest- and lowest-selling horse). The sale was produced by Jeremy and Candace Barwick, the owners of Western Bloodstock Ltd.
The high-selling horse of the sale was Metallic Flo, was a 3-year-old black mare sired by the sale’s leading sire Metallic Cat, out of Zacks J Flo by Mr Peponita Flo, consigned by Alan Chappell. Paid to date in the 2016 NCHA Futurity, the beautiful and talented cutting mare was shown on cattle by trainer T. J. Good and brought a $60,000 final bid. (No buyers’ names were provided by the sale company)
Click for sale horses ranked high to low>>
MONEY-EARNING CUTTING HORSES AVERAGE HIGHEST; AVERAGING $13,163
Cancan Reyvolution, a gelding by Dual Rey, was the second highest-selling horse at the sale , bringing $40,000, and the highest-selling money earner.The 2007 gelding was consigned by John Pinkston. Photo by Glory Ann Kurtz
However, the largest demand seemed to be for money-earning cutting horses, with 30 of the 75 selling horses being money earners. Those 30 netted $394,900 for a $13,163 average and a $10,750 median. The highest-selling money-earning cutting horse (and second high-seller overall) was Cancan Reyvolution, a 2007 sorrel gelding sired by Dual Rey, the third leading sire of the sale, and out of Cancan Kitty By High Brow Cat, consigned by John and Lica Pinkston, Alice, Texas. Bidding for the gelding ended at $40,000.
Cancan Reyvolution had $145,837 in lifetime earnings, including a third-place finish in the 2010 NCHA Non-Pro Futurity, and earning the championship of the 2011 NCHA Non-Pro Derby among others. He was in training and shown on cattle by Sean Flynn.
Metallic Bourban, a 2011 red roan gelding by Metallic Cat out of Jitters Brown by Smart Little Lena, consigned by Beau and Ashley Galyean, was the second high-selling money earner, bringing a $25,000 final bid. The NCHA earner of $5,000 was a semifinalist in the 2014 NCHA Non-Pro Futurity. Jitters Brown was also the dam of 10 money earners of $267,955, including Whiskeynadirtyglass, a stallion by High Brow Cat, with $184,288 in lifetime earnings. Metallic Bourban was shown on cattle by Galyean.
The third high-selling money-earning horse was Cheetah, a 2010 sorrel daughter of High Brow Cat out of Starlights Liz by Grays Starlight, consigned by Dustin and Deena Adams. Selling for $21,000, the mare was the earner of $2,969 as a finalist in the Cattlemens Non-Pro Classic. Originally trained by Lloyd Cox, he was currently in training and shown by Dustin.
Click for leading money earners>>
3-YEAR-OLDS AVERAGE $10,887
Nineteen 3-year-olds went through the sale ring, with 15 bringing $163,300 for a $10,887 average and $5,500 median. Metallic Flo, the highest-selling horse of the sale, was No. 1, bringing $60,000.
The second high-selling 3-year-old was Goin Metallic, sired by Metallic Cat out of Go Little Starlight by Grays Starlight. Her dam was also the dam of Mississippi Cat (a colt by High Brow Cat), earner of $165,973 and NCHA World Champion Stallion and NCHA Open Reserve World Champion. The mare brought a final bid of $26,000 for seller Jeremy Barwick, the sale producer from Stephenville, Texas, and was shown on cattle by Beau Galyean.
The third highest-selling 3-year-old was Hot in The Spotlight, a daughter of Spots Hot out of Allisons All Cat by High Brow Cat. Consigned by Jackie Davison, the filly in training with Wes Ashlock, brought a $15,000 final bid.
Click for high-selling 3-year-olds>>
BROODMARES AVERAGE $10,261
This was a case of the cow cutting the colt.
Photo by Glory Ann Kurtz
Eleven broodmares were led through the sale ring with nine of them netting $92,400 and averaging $10,267 for a $7,700 median. The high-selling broodmare was Reys Dreamgirl, a 2006 daughter of Dual Rey out of Peppys Dreamgirl by Peppy San Badger, bred to Third Cutting. Consigned by Kory and Jessica Pounds, the mare brought a final bid of $20,000. With NCHA earnings of $49,853, she was a finalist in the 2009 NCHA Non-Pro Futurity.
The second high-selling broodmare was Hickorys Bunny, a 2000 daughter of Doc’s Hickory out of Bunnys Starlight by Peppy San Badger. Consigned by Jeremy Barwick, the mare had earnings of $33,398 and had produced five offspring that had earned over $86,000. She was in foal to Kit Kat Sugar, a son of High Brow Cat out of Sugar N Dulce by Smart Lil Ricochet, with lifetime earnings of $240,903 and was an NCHA Horse of the Year.
Click for list of high-selling broodmares>>
LEADING SIRES OF SALE HORSES
One of today’s most popular stallions, and the leading money earner sired by all-time leading sire High Brow Cat, Metallic Cat was the leading sire of the sale, with seven offspring bringing $175,000 for a $25,000 average and $22,000 median. He sired the high-selling horse Metallic Flo, selling for $60,000 as well as the third high-selling horse, Goin Metallic, selling for $26,000. In fact, he sired four of the top six sellers.
The second leading sire was Peptoboonsmal, with three head netting $54,000 for an $18,000 average a $19,000 median. His high-selling offspring was Im A Peptorey, a 2003 mare that brought a final bid of $20,000.
Dual Rey, with eight of his 10 consignments selling for $121,000 and a $15,125 average and an $11,000 median, was the third leading sire. His highest-selling offspring was Cancan Reyvolution, the second high selling horse overall and the leading money-earning horse, bringing $40,000.
Other sires included 4) Peptospoonful (2 averaging $14,850); 5) Smart Little Lena (2 averaging $14,000), 6) High Brow Cat (6 averaging $12,367; 7) Woody Be Tuff (2 embryos averaging $10,250); 8) Spots Hot (2 averaging $10,100); 9) Cats Merada (3 averaging $8,800); 10) Smooth As A Cat (6 averaging $8,417); 11) Dual Pep (3 averaging $8,267); 12) One Time Pepto (2 averaging $7,350; 13) Little Dulce Rey (3 averaging $5,825) and 14) Cats Quixote Jack (2 averaging $5,350).
The next NCHA Sale will be the Summer Spectacular Sale held Aug. 1 in Fort Worth. Nomination deadline is June 30th. It is advertised there will be no pass-out fee at this sale. The NCHA Futurity sales, scheduled for Dec. 7, 9-12, also are advertised with no pass-out fees and the Select Yearling Sale & Gala, will be held Dec. 8 during the NCHA Futurity.
BENEFIT AUCTION PLANNED FOR LEGENDARY TRAINER JOHN HOYT
BREEDINGS TO ONE TIME PEPTO AND GUNNATRASHYA TO BE HELD ONLINE
April 2, 2015
An undated photo of John Hoyt (right).
An upcoming benefit on-line auction for legendary trainer John Hoyt will include 2015 breedings to two top stallions: One Time Pepto and Gunnatrashya. The online auction of these breedings and other donated items will be handled by Mike and Stephanie Jennings of Professional Horse Services LLC, with all proceeds going to the John Hoyt Foundation Fund. Also, other donations will also be accepted until April 8. Bidding will open on April 10 and close on April 15.
John Hoyt is a name known throughout the entire performance horse industry. He has influenced many of today’s top riders. Until 2003, John was still actively riding and teaching the professionals of the future. After a failed knee surgery, he was left with a medical condition called ‘dropped foot’, which resulted in nerve damage and consequently left him unable to ride.
Since then, his health has continually declined leaving him in an economic struggle. However, at 86, John still attends every major NRHA Competition and is an active resource to many local and national riders. For those who know John, living in an active horse environment is a key aspect of his wellbeing. At this point, he has a good support system that allows him to live independently and continue to give back to the industry.
John Hoyt (right) and Harold Hudspeth shown in an AQHA photo.
Because of John’s economic struggle, his housing situation is in significant need of our help. Pete and Tamra Kyle, of the Kyle Ranch, in Whitesboro, TX, have graciously donated the use of a lot already equipped with septic and electricity.
A GoFundMe account was set up for John that has raised more than $40,000 that will provide a modular home and furnishings that will properly accommodate John to help ease the stress and emotional strain that he faces daily. But we still need your help in funding proper living for John. To contribute go to http://www.gofundme.com/nbbqvs
The donations will be used for helping John live out his last years doing what he loves. When the time comes, and John no longer needs this home, the proceeds from the sale of the home and assets will be donated to the John Hoyt Foundation. This fund will be perpetuated forward for fellow elderly horsemen and horsewoman in the industry.
If you would like to read more about John and his life stories, here are a few articles written over the years.
This is a special opportunity to get breedings to these two great stallions and at the same time help the legendary John Hoyt.
One Time Pepto is the 2014 NRCHA #1 Leading Sire and 2014 #5 Leading NCHA Sire.
One Time Pepto is the earner of $331,097, NCHA Super Stakes Open Champion; Augusta 5/6-Year-Old Open Classic Champion; Abilene Spectacular Open Classic Champion and more. As a sire, ONE TIME PEPTO is the 2014 NRCHA #1 Leading Sire and 2014 #5 Leading NCHA Sire, siring the earners of more than $8,000,000, including NCHA Futurity Champion, ONE TIME ROYALTY and NRCHA Futurity Champion, TIME FOR THE DIAMOND, plus many more top money earners. One Time Pepto, owned by Matthews Cutting Horses, LLC, stands at Oswood Stallion Station in Weatherford, Texas for a $8,500 fee. Only a few breedings are left for this great stallion.
Gunnatrashya is the earner of $223,098 and the 2009 NRHA Open Futurity Champion.
Gunnatrashya is the earner of $223,098: 2009 NRHA Open Futurity Champion; 2010 NRHA Open Derby Champion; 2009 Congress Open Futurity Champion and more. GUNNATRASHYA’s oldest foals were 3-Year- Olds of 2014. From his first foals to show he is the sire of ARC GUNNABEABIGSTAR ($146,437, 2014 NRHA Open Futurity Co-Champion; top 10, 2014 Congress Open Reining Futurity), ARC GUNNA SPARKYA ($62,832: 4th, 2014 NRHA Open Futurity) and numerous other Aged Event Finalists. Gunnatrashya is owned by Arcese Quarter Horses and also stands at Oswood Stallion Station for a $2,750 breeding fee and his book is closed.
Donations to the Auction will be accepted until April 8th. To donate items contact Katie Forest Schroeder by email at Katie@equiflight.com or cell 713-202-3951 or Shari D. Darnall on Facebook. Donors can also contact Mike or Stephanie Jennings at 855-272-3905, email Info@ProHorseServices.com or use the donation entry form at https://sporthorseauctions.formstack.com/forms/johnhoyt_phs
How to participate in the auction:
The Online catalog is available now from Professional Horse Services, LLC. Bidding will open on April 10th and close on April 15th. To participate in the auction go to http://online.professionalauction.com/auction.php?aucid=160 . For more information on how the Online Auction Works go to www.ProHorseServices.com
MARKETPLACE AT ARDMORE SPRING SALE AVERAGES $5,995
Courtesy of Marketplace At Ardmore Sale
April 2, 2015
Pale Face Jose, 1999 sorrel stallion (CD Olena x Joses Dually by Dual Pep) topped the Spring Marketplace Sale selling for $43,000.
The Marketplace at Ardmore’s spring sale saw close to record-breaking averages. “After the first 10 head, I could tell, they definitely came to buy,” says sale manager Susie Reed, “And, sure enough when we settled up, we had the second highest average ever.”
The top 10 head averaged $20,790, the top 20 averaged $15,595 with an overall sale average (83% sold) of $5,995. The sale was held March 28, 2015 at the Hardy Murphy Coliseum in Ardmore, OK. The top seller was Pale Face Jose, a 1999 sorrel stallion with LTE of $217,033 and sire of offspring earning in excess of $250,000.
“Dustin Adams consigned Pale Face Jose early on which gave us the opportunity to advertise him nationally in both print and in social media for several months,” said Reed, “He generated lots of interest from day one, and from the number of phone calls I got, I was confident we would get him sold.” Pale Face Jose went to Keith McMahan for $43,000.
Katsup, a 2010 sorrel daughter of High Brow Cat out of Aristo Katz by Smart Aristocrat and earner of $15,520 was the high-selling mare. Consigned by Wayne Czisny (agent), the mare brought $41,000 from Juan Carlos Rojas.
Katzup, a 2010 sorrel daughter of High Brow Cat out of Aristo Katz by Smart Aristocrat and earner of $15,520 was the high-selling mare.
The high selling gelding, Magnums Star (Magnum Chic Dream x Spooks Stylin by Grays Starlight), was consigned by John Amabile and sold to Teresa Kelly for $16,000.
Four consignors took advantage of the “Free Ride” offered for the first time at the March 28 sale. An individual consigning 6 or more head got to sell one horse for free, meaning no catalog fee, no fresh cattle charge and no sales commission were collected on that one horse.
“We always work really hard for the consignors promoting their horses to the best of our ability, and after the sale we enjoyed hearing lots of positive comments with many already talking about what they could bring to the fall sale,” said Reed. “For a sale manager, it just doesn’t get any better than that.”
The next Marketplace at Ardmore Sale will be held Nov. 7, 2015. For more information, contact Susie Reed 580-276-4830, cell 580-490-1103 or visit the website: www.themarketplaceatardmore.com.
March 23, 2015
NRCHA TO HOLD $10,000-ADDED FENCE CHALLENGE AT NRCHA STAKES
NRCHA members Eric and Wendy Dunn, the owners of Smart Boons, have come up with a novel idea and are putting their money where their idea is: $10,000 to be exact, to be added money for the new, exciting Smart Boons Fence Challenge to be held during the NRCHA Stakes at the South Point Equestrian Center in Las Vegas to be held March 29-April 4. The Smart Boons Challenge will be held Friday, April 3 at approximately 3 p.m.
The event is open to any horse and any rider and Non Pros must follow all Non-Pro eligibility and rules according to the NRCHA Rule Book.
Each horse and rider combination may enter only one time. This is a non-sanctioned event and will not count toward NRCHA lifetime earnings for horse or rider. The competition will consist of a single run: cow work only – no rein work.
There will be a $300 entry fee, and besides the $10,000 added, $200 of the entry fee will be added back to the purse. Payout will be according to rule 7.2. Entries close Friday, April 3, 2015 at 12 noon. Before March 26, send entries to Allison@nrcha.com or fax it to 940-488-1499. After March 26, enter in the show office at the NRCHA Stakes.
Click for entry blank>>
Smart Boons is a 2005 red roan AQHA stallion sired by Peptoboonsmal out of Smart Little Easter by Smart Little Lena, with $192,772 in lifetime earnings. He was trained and shown by NRCHA Million-Dollar rider Corey Cushing and is standing at Oswood Stallion Station in Weatherford, Texas.
CORRECTION: DUAL R SMOKIN NOT SELLING
There was an error in a press release I sent out on March 19 regarding the upcoming Marketplace At Ardmore Sale. The article mentioned that Dual R Smokin, owned by J Five Ranch, would be sold along with 12 yearlings sired by him, three mares bred to him and one 4-year-old. There was an error in the flyer that listed Dual R Smokin with the horses selling and he is NOT selling; however, the mares bred to him and his offspring are selling in the sale to be held Saturday, March 28, at the Hardy Murphy Coliseum in Ardmore, Okla. For more information contact Susie Reed (580) 276-4830 cell: (580) 490-1103 or e-mail her at email@example.com. Go to www.themarketplaceatardmore.com for a catalog or to view the sale. I’m sorry for the error.
ENTIRE SPEECH GIVEN BY AQHA OUTGOING PRESIDENT JOHNNY TROTTER
In a previous article, I published some of the statements made by AQHA outgoing president Johnny Trotter. Yesterday I received a copy of his entire speech that will be published in the next Quarter Horse Journal. Following is a copy of that entire speech.
Click for Johnny Trotter’s entire speech>>
AMERICAN QUARTER HORSE GENETIC POOL SHRINKS
WHAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT IT?
By Rick Dennis
Jan. 10, 2015
Recent articles in the American Quarter Horse Journal entitled “The Changing Landscape of Quarter Horse Genetics, Part 1 and Part 2,” really caught my eye because of two reasons: 1) I’m an American Quarter Horse breeder specializing in multiple-event reined cow horses and 2) I’m a Life Member of AQHA.
Part 1′s first paragraph essentially sets the stage for the present state of the breed in that it’s becoming more and more inbred, stating, “Talk to an equine geneticist long enough and you are bound to hear two assertions made about the American Quarter Horse breed that sound like opposites: First, it is one of the most genetically diverse equine breeds in the world and second, it’s becoming increasingly inbred.”
The second and third paragraphs of Part 1 outline the history of the breed and a factor causing this shrinking of genetics, stating: “Beginning in colonial America, the breed began from a diverse genetic base of largely Thoroughbred and Spanish blood that was added to and developed for roughly 200 years, focusing on producing quickness and durability. But fast-forward to the modern era of specialized American Quarter Horse performers, especially at the highest levels, and you find specialization in the horse-breeding herd too: specific groups of individuals used to produce those top performers.
That suggests there are narrowed gene pools in those subgroups and now a genetic study clearly shows it. A research team from the University of Minnesota has published its findings in an issue of the Journal of Heredity, “The American Quarter Horse: Population structure and relationship to the Thoroughbred.” The 2012-2013 study was partially funded by the American Quarter Horse Foundation.
The team analyzed six Quarter Horse performance subgroups identified as halter, western pleasure, reining, working cow horse, cutting and racing. The team pulled the top 200 performers for each group in 2009 and 2010, selecting by money-earned for the reining, working cow, cutting and racing groups, and by AQHA points earned for western pleasure and halter.
The team then eliminated half and full siblings, making the sample as diverse as possible. From the remaining horses, the team ran genetic and pedigree analyses on 24 random individuals in each subgroup.
“We genotyped them for about 65,000 genetic markers … and we pulled their five-generation pedigrees so we could compare what both sets of information told us about the relationships between the individuals,” said Dr. Molly McCue
What They Found
“The groups clustered into three genetic groups,” said Dr. McCue. “The racing Quarter Horses stood out on their own genetically, the pleasure and halter horses clustered together and the working cow, cutting and reining horses formed the third group. We were able to prove quite clearly that horses were in a specific genetic cluster depending on what performance group they came from.
“In the pedigree analysis, some groups shared no common sires, such as halter and racing, but other groups did, such as reining and working cow horse. Although popular sires within one group were rarely shared with another group, all the pedigrees reflected the common roots of the Quarter Horse.
“Additionally, pedigree analysis showed that the most common 15 sires across the groups were all direct tail-male descendants of Three Bars (TB), with several of those stallions showing more than one cross to the Thoroughbred in the first four generations.
“Inbreeding” refers to the mating of relatives and results in an “inbred” individual. The amount an individual is “inbred” can be estimated from its pedigree or genetic data. In a pedigree analysis, determining an individual’s “co-ancestry coefficient” gives an idea of how closely related individuals are on a pedigree page. Two individuals can be highly related without either of them being inbred, but if you breed two individuals with a high co-ancestry coefficient, their offspring will be inbred.
“Diversity quantifies the amount of genetic variation there is in a population. Typically, a highly inbred population has low genetic diversity.
“Using both pedigree and genetic analysis gives a more complete picture of a population’s relatedness, inbreeding and diversity. For example, the average Thoroughbred could very well exhibit a much lower genetic diversity in its genome than the average Quarter Horse, even though the Thoroughbred might show no repeated individuals in its five-generation pedigree.
As a point of reference, and to fully illustrate the long term adverse effects of inbreeding please refer to the following CBS article: “Amish Inbreeding Causes Genetic Mutation and Mental Retardation.”
Click for article on Amish inbreeding>>
“(In this study) the lowest genetic diversity within a sub-population was in the cutting and racing groups. The highest average inbreeding was found in cutting.
“When inbreeding was calculated from the pedigree analysis, the reining group had the lowest average inbreeding when it was calculated with genotype; the pleasure group was the lowest.
“Halter horses, on average, were about 3 percent inbred, although some individuals were as high as almost 27 percent inbred.”
“What’s more, the study found that, due to the contribution of popular sires, relatedness within the groups is on the rise. This increase in relatedness, or co-ancestry, is likely to lead to an increase in the number and extent of inbred individuals,” continued Dr. McCue.
Click to read Part 1>>
Analyzing the Quarter Horse Breeding Rules:
From this study, it’s clear that the present American Quarter Horse breeding rules require scrutiny to determine: 1) their contribution to this shrinking genetic pool and 2) the adverse affect each adopted breeding rule may or may not have on the breed itself. I wonder if the executives paid six figures at the AQHA and the Executive Committee members, especially the Stud Book and Registration Committee, had any forethought in the ramifications their expansive breeding rule adoptions would have on the Quarter Horse breed and industry over time?
As a private sector Risk Analyst, I’m commonly faced with the task of analyzing practices and concepts to determine either the detriment or usefulness an existing concept or practice has on an organization. In order to shed light on the topic, I examined two specific breeding rules adopted by AQHA: Multiple Embryo Transfer and Frozen Semen. I also examined the impact each adopted breeding rule may have on the breeding populous as well as a correlation of each one’s compliance with AQHA’s Mission Statement.
AQHA Mission Statement
Your Association adheres to the highest standards.
AQHA Mission Statement:
- To record and preserve the pedigree of the American Quarter Horse while maintaining the integrity of the breed and welfare of its horses.
- To provide beneficial services for its members which enhance and encourage American Quarter Horse ownership and participation.
- To develop diverse educational programs, material and curriculum that will position AQHA as the leading resource organization in the equine industry.
- To generate growth of AQHA membership via the marketing, promotion, advertising and publicity of the American Quarter Horse.
- To ensure the American Quarter Horse is treated humanely, with dignity, respect and compassion at all times.
Multiple Embryo Transfer
The first analysis and breeding rule comparison involved the Multiple Embryo Rule adoption. On one hand, the first statement of the AQHA Mission Statement asserts “maintaining the integrity of the breed and the welfare of its horses” but on the other hand, this AQHA breeding rule adoption and Dr. Mc Cue’s study raises challenges to the credibility of this profound statement concerning the integrity of the breed and welfare of its horses under their present approved breeding methods.
Past court testimony of Dr. Glenn Blodgett an AQHA Executive Committee member and in-line future AQHA President brings a challenge to this assertion. Dr. Blodgett’s sworn oath expert witness testimony, during the Kay Floyd V AQHA trial, fully illustrates and verifies this contradiction as well as the dangers and hardships the breeding mares were subjected to during an egg and embryo flush. The hypocrisy is fully realized when Dr. Blodgett, who at the time was the Chairman of the Stud Book & Registration Committee, the group who consider the proposed rules of registration and answer to no other committee, fully exposed these dangers and hardships on a horse while voicing his opposition under sworn oath testimony. However, Dr. Blodgett has been one of the most prolific users of multiple embryo transfer technology since 1985, long before the Kay Floyd v AQHA lawsuit.
Click for Dr. Glenn Blodgett Testimony>>
As a breeder, I have always been opposed to many of the breeding rule adoptions of AQHA, (i.e.) Multiple Embryo Transfer that allows a mare to produce multiple same genetic-type foals in a single breeding season instead of adhering to the “one-mare, one-foal” breeding theory, essentially limiting or maintaining the narrowing of the genetic pool by eliminating or controlling mass production of a single genetic type. By Dr. Blodgett’s testimony, this breeding rule also contradicts AQHA’s own mission statement, “To ensure the American Quarter Horse is treated humanely, with dignity, respect and compassion at all times.”
The magnitude of the mass expansion of a specific genetic line of horses by multiple embryo transfer is realized in past computations resulting from the analysis of seven (7) separate Quarter Horse Racing mares that produced 174 foals during a specified time, averaging 24.85 babies each. Such an expansion of a specific genetic line also has an adverse effect on the breed in that it further narrows the genetic pool, which under normal circumstances reduces the odds of inbreeding. In addition, this breeding technology also contributes to an over population of Quarter Horses.
In Part 2, of the article, Dr. Molly McCue specifically addresses the effect Multiple Embryo Transfer is having on the industry.
Click for Horse Genetics Part 2>>
What It Means
“We are changing the genetic landscape in the Quarter Horse within the top-level performance groups,” stated Dr. McCue. “This study clearly demonstrates that we’re concentrating the genetics within certain lines of Quarter Horses and we’re increasing inbreeding within particular performance groups.
“A horse’s conformation affects his ability to perform certain tasks. Read more about this interesting concept in AQHA’s Form to Function report.
Click for “Form To Function” Report>>
“Longstanding breeding practices likely contribute to that. Habits such as “popular sire syndrome,” which is the tendency for many breeders to breed to a top-performing stallion, or the use of assisted reproductive techniques such as frozen semen and embryo transfers can greatly amplify one individual’s genetic impact. Even the practice of always breeding the ‘best to the best’ can contribute to increased inbreeding in a subpopulation.
“Any time we take a single individual and increase its ability to generate offspring, that is going to decrease the genetic pool that is reproducing.
“Additionally, when you increase inbreeding and reduce diversity, you increase the incidence of undesirable genes making an appearance.
“A good example is the incidence of HERDA (hereditary equine regional dermal asthenia) in cutting horses. It’s very frequent within this subpopulation, which might be the result of decreasing diversity and/or the ‘popular-sire’ effect. A previous study revealed that 28.3 percent of cutting-bred individuals carried the recessive gene for HERDA.”
A textbook example of the advantages of the “Frozen Semen” breeding rule, as it relates to a specific classification of horse, can be illustrated by examining the history of an AQHA Quarter Horse Racing member Frank “Scoop” Vessels and his history-making stallion First Down Dash. Mr. Vessels, an avid Quarter Horse Racing breeder, died in a plane crash on Aug. 11, 2010. On Nov. 28, 2010, a press release from the AQHA announced that First Down Dash died on Thanksgiving Day at the Vessels Breeding Farm in California.
Under the old rule, frozen semen could only be available until the end of the year the stallion died in. However, thereafter, the AQHA quietly changed the frozen semen breeding rule to extend a stallion’s frozen semen indefinitely. This extension makes a dead or sterile horse immortal, so-to-speak. Even though he died in 2010, according to the AQHA records, in 2012 he sired 68 foals.
Breeding dead horses from the grave and sterile horses that should be culled, (i.e.) removed from the genetic pool at death or sterility, are still introducing their genetic lines in today’s breeding market. The normal course of a breeding sire is that he is born, lives, reproduces and dies. Afterwards, his progeny carries on the genetic line from generation to generation. By allowing the reintroduction of a dead or sterile horse’s genetics over the years simply means he could be breeding with horses that already carry his line of genetics, further shrinking the genetic pool and possibly causing a concern of inbreeding and disease among the industry.
A more prudent option would be to seek a genetic out-cross instead of an in-cross. A plausible question for the AQHA powers-that-be emanating from the frozen semen breeding rule is: “Why are stallion owners with live horses having to compete for a fair market breeding share against deceased or sterile horses that should have been removed from the breeding roster at death or sterility?” At this stage of the breeding game, wouldn’t it be more responsible for AQHA to design a genetic breeding profile similar to the “Magic Cross” that breeders have used for years to breed performance horses, to minimize or eliminate the in-breeding concept identified by Dr. Molly McCue’s study.
Dissecting the Recent Select Yearling Sale:
For a look at today’s diversity, or lack thereof, in the cutting horse, the 50 horses auctioned off during the NCHA Select Yearling Sale, held Dec. 9 during the NCHA Futurity, were put in a data base. The yearlings were the highest of the six sales, averaging $71,655, carrying a $53,000 median (halfway between the highest- and lowest-selling horse), and the high seller brought a whopping $255,000. This sale was chosen as it represented the best-of-the best of today’s upcoming cutting horses.
Twelve stallions were represented, with every stallion having Three Bars represented on both the top and bottom sides of their pedigrees, mostly through Doc Bar. Of the 47 dams represented, only four didn’t have Three Bars on both sides of their pedigrees. The results were amazing.
Tracking included how many times the sires of the horses selling went back to Three Bars, along with the dams of the horses selling – then those figures were added together to get a total and that total was ranked by the median, which is half-way between the highest and lowest total, with the highest total representing the most Three Bars in the pedigree and the least diversity.
The highest median (meaning the least diversity) went to yearlings sired by Spots Hot, with four going under the gavel (included were horses that sold and horses that didn’t, using their last bid). The median for those four head was 12.5, meaning that the yearlings went back to Three Bars, both on the top and bottom side, 12.5 times. The highest was 13 and the lowest 10. As an individual Spots Hot goes back to Three Bars three times on the sires’s side and three times on his dam’s side, for a total of six.
His sire Chula Dual went back to Three Bars through his sire Dual Pep, out of Miss Dual Doc by Doc’s Remedy by Doc Bar by Lightning Bar by Three Bars. Chula Dual’s dam, Smart Fancy Lena, is sired by Smart Little Lena by Doc O’Lena by Doc Bar. Smart Fancy Lena’s dam, Docs Fancy Peppy, is out of Docs Fancy Pants by Doc Bar.
Spots Hot’s dam, Sweet Shorty Lena went back to Three Bars three times, with her sire Shorty Lena being sired by Doc O’Lena by Doc Bar and her dam, Quixotes R Sugar by Son O Sugar by Sugar Bars by Three Bars and dam Zan Ote by Doc Quixote by Doc Bar.
Next was Metallic Cat, whose offspring went back to Three Bars a median of 11 times with the highest being 11 (4 of them) and the lowest 8.
The individual sale horse with the highest individual score, a 16, was Miss Stylish Katz, selling for $152,000. She was sired by High Brow Cat out of Miss Stylish Pepto by Peptoboonsmal. She went back to Three Bars three times through her sire High Brow Cat and 13 times through her dam. Miss Stylish Pepto went back to Three Bars nine times through her sire One Stylish Pepto and four times through her dam Miss Silver Poppy who was sired by Dualin Gun out of Docs Poppy King.
The highest-selling yearling, Tappin A Cold Brew, bringing $255,000, was sired by Smooth As A Cat out of Tapt Twice by Dual Pep. Smooth As A Cat went back to Three Bars four times through Doc Bar and Tapt Twice also went back to Three Bars four times through Doc Bar for a total of 8. Smooth As A Cat had a median of 8.
Click for Yearling Sale chart>>
With all of this information in mind, wouldn’t it be beneficial for the AQHA and the Quarter Horse Industry to take a step back and rethink and reexamine the impact these two breeding methodologies are having on the American Quarter Horse and its members and adjust accordingly instead of providing breeding rules that may be harmful to the breed and cater to the rich and affluent members of the association? Coincidentally, the rich and affluent are the only ones who can afford such extravagant breeding methods anyway.
In conclusion, I would recommend to AQHA, pursuant to my Risk Analysis of the multiple embryo transfer and frozen semen rules, that these two rules in their present form and use is in direct conflict with AQHA’s Mission Statement and is a direct contributor to the shrinking of American Quarter Horse genetics as stated in Dr. Molly McCue’s study.
Also, who was the officer in charge of Breed Integrity during these rule changes? I believe it was Tom Pereschino, Executive Director of Competition and Breed Integrity, who in the last IRS 990 was shown as receiving a salary of $181,187, which included a $7,873 bonus and is a $25,440 increase from the prior year.
Until Next Time, Keep ‘ Em Between The Bridles!
Copyright 2015, Rick Dennis, all rights reserved. ©
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NCHA FUTURITY CUTTING HORSE SALE AVERAGES $24,360;
TOP 10 AVERAGE $72.400
Article and photos by Glory Ann Kurtz
Jan. 3, 2015
Bet On A Cat was not only the high-selling horse of the NCHA Futurity Cutting Horse Sale but he was the highest seller at all six sales held during the NCHA Futurity. He is shown here working without a bridle.
When the last of 121 horses had left the sale ring following the NCHA Futurity Cutting Horse Sale, Western Bloodstock Sale owner Jeremy Barwick knew he had broke records throughout the sales held Dec. 8-13, but he especially broke them during the NCHA Futurity Cutting Horse Sale held Dec. 13, the final day of the six sales.
The sale, held for trained cutting horses and 3-year-olds, beat the 2013 sales by three-fold numbers. With 121 horses going through the sale arena, 98 (81%) changed hands, netting $2,387,300 for a $24,360 average and a $17,000 median (halfway between the highest- and lowest-selling horse). In 2013, the same sale featured 41 head consigned, 36 sold for $287,500, averaging $7,986 for a $7,750 median.
Click for sale comparisons 2014-2015>>
The only item that was higher last year was the high seller. Last year Kittyswood, a 2009 daughter of Woody Be Tuff, consigned by Robert Ballard, was the highest-selling cutting horse, bringing a final bid of $125,000 from Fults Ranch.
This year’s high selling horse was Bet On A Cat, bringing $110,00. The 2008 sorrel gelding by High Brow Cat out of Bet On Houston by Peptoboonsmal was consigned by Chad Bushaw’s Crown Ranch LP. The gelding, with $313,469 in lifetime earnings, including the 2012 NCHA Non-Pro Derby Championship and fifth in the Open, sold to The Over Forty Ranch, Wichita Falls, Texas. . According to Western Bloodstock, the price was the highest paid for any horse at any of the six sales.
The top 10 cutting horses selling reaped $724,000, averaging $72,400. The top 10 horses listed earnings from the $313,469 won by the high-selling horse down to $24,284. Those top selling horses earned a total of $1,047,617, averaging $104,762 each.
That Sly Bob (DNA) was the second high-selling horse bringing $90,000. He is shown being demonstrated by his trainer Paul Hansma.
The second high-selling horse was That Sly Bob (DNA), a 2008 sorrel gelding sired by That Sly Cat out of Cotton Candy (DNA) by Bob Acre Doc, with $161,361 in lifetime earnings. Consigned by Dub and Christy Leeth, he was demonstrated by trainer Paul Hansma and sold for $90,000.
Third was Chulas Merada, a 2004 sorrel mare with $153,378 in earnings, consigned by Robert Charles and Aly Brown. Sired by Chula Dual out of Little Lena Merada by Smart Little Lena, she sold for $84,000. She was originally trained by Matt Budge and demonstrated by trainer Bill Pierce.
Johnny Reyngo, with $144,122 in lifetime earnings, brought $80,000. The 2010 sorrel gelding was consigned by the 51 Partners and was in training with Tatum Rice.
Johnny Reyngo, a 2010 sorrel gelding with $144,122 in lifetime earnings, was the fourth high seller, bringing $80,000. Sired by Dual Rey out of Hissy Cat by High Brow Cat, he was third in the 2013 NCHA Open Futurity and split 8th in the 2014 NCHA Open Derby. Consigned by The 51 Partners, he is in training with Tatum Rice. Hissy Cat has two 3-year-olds, with a full sister to Johnny Reyngo, Hissterya, also being sired by Dual Rey earning $98,000 and the other, sired by Spots Hot, earning $89,679.
Click for high-selling horses chart>>
Sueper Time, the highest-selling horse by One Time Pepto, the sire with the most offspring selling with the highest average, He sold for $77,000.
The leading sire of the sale was One Time Pepto, with eight offspring earning a total of $281,000, averaging $35,125. The highest-selling horse by One Time Pepto was Sueper Time, a 2009, sorrel mare, with $39,136 in earnings, out of Sues Barn Cat ($161,494) by High Brow Cat, consigned by Von and Andrea Sutton, that sold for $77,000. She was originally trained by Roger Wagner and was currently in training by Sean Flynn.
New Cut In Town, a blue roan stallion out of Shorty Lena Girl by Shorty Lena, was the second high-selling horse sired by leading sire One Time Pepto, bringing $60,000.
The second high seller by One Time Pepto, bringing $60,000, was New Cut In Town, a 2008 blue roan stallion, with $56,989 in earnings out of Shorty Lena Girl by Shorty Lena, consigned by Albert and Colette Benson. In training with Phil Rapp, his first foals, two APHA registered, arrived in 2013.
Also One Time Dually, a 2010 red roan gelding out of Zee Dually ($228,410) by Dual Pep, brought a $55,000 final bid. Consigned by Arthur Noble and in training with Austin Shepard, the gelding earned $24,264
The second leading sire of horses selling was High Brow Cat, with six head averaging $34,500, followed by Peptoboonsmal, with three head averaging $33,667.
Click for top sires with offspring>>
Click for numerical list of horses selling>>
Click for sale catalog>>