AMERICAN QUARTER HORSE GENETIC POOL SHRINKS
WHAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT IT?
By Rick Dennis
Jan. 10, 2015
Recent articles in the American Quarter Horse Journal entitled “The Changing Landscape of Quarter Horse Genetics, Part 1 and Part 2,” really caught my eye because of two reasons: 1) I’m an American Quarter Horse breeder specializing in multiple-event reined cow horses and 2) I’m a Life Member of AQHA.
Part 1′s first paragraph essentially sets the stage for the present state of the breed in that it’s becoming more and more inbred, stating, “Talk to an equine geneticist long enough and you are bound to hear two assertions made about the American Quarter Horse breed that sound like opposites: First, it is one of the most genetically diverse equine breeds in the world and second, it’s becoming increasingly inbred.”
The second and third paragraphs of Part 1 outline the history of the breed and a factor causing this shrinking of genetics, stating: “Beginning in colonial America, the breed began from a diverse genetic base of largely Thoroughbred and Spanish blood that was added to and developed for roughly 200 years, focusing on producing quickness and durability. But fast-forward to the modern era of specialized American Quarter Horse performers, especially at the highest levels, and you find specialization in the horse-breeding herd too: specific groups of individuals used to produce those top performers.
That suggests there are narrowed gene pools in those subgroups and now a genetic study clearly shows it. A research team from the University of Minnesota has published its findings in an issue of the Journal of Heredity, “The American Quarter Horse: Population structure and relationship to the Thoroughbred.” The 2012-2013 study was partially funded by the American Quarter Horse Foundation.
The team analyzed six Quarter Horse performance subgroups identified as halter, western pleasure, reining, working cow horse, cutting and racing. The team pulled the top 200 performers for each group in 2009 and 2010, selecting by money-earned for the reining, working cow, cutting and racing groups, and by AQHA points earned for western pleasure and halter.
The team then eliminated half and full siblings, making the sample as diverse as possible. From the remaining horses, the team ran genetic and pedigree analyses on 24 random individuals in each subgroup.
“We genotyped them for about 65,000 genetic markers … and we pulled their five-generation pedigrees so we could compare what both sets of information told us about the relationships between the individuals,” said Dr. Molly McCue
What They Found
“The groups clustered into three genetic groups,” said Dr. McCue. “The racing Quarter Horses stood out on their own genetically, the pleasure and halter horses clustered together and the working cow, cutting and reining horses formed the third group. We were able to prove quite clearly that horses were in a specific genetic cluster depending on what performance group they came from.
“In the pedigree analysis, some groups shared no common sires, such as halter and racing, but other groups did, such as reining and working cow horse. Although popular sires within one group were rarely shared with another group, all the pedigrees reflected the common roots of the Quarter Horse.
“Additionally, pedigree analysis showed that the most common 15 sires across the groups were all direct tail-male descendants of Three Bars (TB), with several of those stallions showing more than one cross to the Thoroughbred in the first four generations.
“Inbreeding” refers to the mating of relatives and results in an “inbred” individual. The amount an individual is “inbred” can be estimated from its pedigree or genetic data. In a pedigree analysis, determining an individual’s “co-ancestry coefficient” gives an idea of how closely related individuals are on a pedigree page. Two individuals can be highly related without either of them being inbred, but if you breed two individuals with a high co-ancestry coefficient, their offspring will be inbred.
“Diversity quantifies the amount of genetic variation there is in a population. Typically, a highly inbred population has low genetic diversity.
“Using both pedigree and genetic analysis gives a more complete picture of a population’s relatedness, inbreeding and diversity. For example, the average Thoroughbred could very well exhibit a much lower genetic diversity in its genome than the average Quarter Horse, even though the Thoroughbred might show no repeated individuals in its five-generation pedigree.
As a point of reference, and to fully illustrate the long term adverse effects of inbreeding please refer to the following CBS article: “Amish Inbreeding Causes Genetic Mutation and Mental Retardation.”
Click for article on Amish inbreeding>>
“(In this study) the lowest genetic diversity within a sub-population was in the cutting and racing groups. The highest average inbreeding was found in cutting.
“When inbreeding was calculated from the pedigree analysis, the reining group had the lowest average inbreeding when it was calculated with genotype; the pleasure group was the lowest.
“Halter horses, on average, were about 3 percent inbred, although some individuals were as high as almost 27 percent inbred.”
“What’s more, the study found that, due to the contribution of popular sires, relatedness within the groups is on the rise. This increase in relatedness, or co-ancestry, is likely to lead to an increase in the number and extent of inbred individuals,” continued Dr. McCue.
Click to read Part 1>>
Analyzing the Quarter Horse Breeding Rules:
From this study, it’s clear that the present American Quarter Horse breeding rules require scrutiny to determine: 1) their contribution to this shrinking genetic pool and 2) the adverse affect each adopted breeding rule may or may not have on the breed itself. I wonder if the executives paid six figures at the AQHA and the Executive Committee members, especially the Stud Book and Registration Committee, had any forethought in the ramifications their expansive breeding rule adoptions would have on the Quarter Horse breed and industry over time?
As a private sector Risk Analyst, I’m commonly faced with the task of analyzing practices and concepts to determine either the detriment or usefulness an existing concept or practice has on an organization. In order to shed light on the topic, I examined two specific breeding rules adopted by AQHA: Multiple Embryo Transfer and Frozen Semen. I also examined the impact each adopted breeding rule may have on the breeding populous as well as a correlation of each one’s compliance with AQHA’s Mission Statement.
AQHA Mission Statement
Your Association adheres to the highest standards.
AQHA Mission Statement:
- To record and preserve the pedigree of the American Quarter Horse while maintaining the integrity of the breed and welfare of its horses.
- To provide beneficial services for its members which enhance and encourage American Quarter Horse ownership and participation.
- To develop diverse educational programs, material and curriculum that will position AQHA as the leading resource organization in the equine industry.
- To generate growth of AQHA membership via the marketing, promotion, advertising and publicity of the American Quarter Horse.
- To ensure the American Quarter Horse is treated humanely, with dignity, respect and compassion at all times.
Multiple Embryo Transfer
The first analysis and breeding rule comparison involved the Multiple Embryo Rule adoption. On one hand, the first statement of the AQHA Mission Statement asserts “maintaining the integrity of the breed and the welfare of its horses” but on the other hand, this AQHA breeding rule adoption and Dr. Mc Cue’s study raises challenges to the credibility of this profound statement concerning the integrity of the breed and welfare of its horses under their present approved breeding methods.
Past court testimony of Dr. Glenn Blodgett an AQHA Executive Committee member and in-line future AQHA President brings a challenge to this assertion. Dr. Blodgett’s sworn oath expert witness testimony, during the Kay Floyd V AQHA trial, fully illustrates and verifies this contradiction as well as the dangers and hardships the breeding mares were subjected to during an egg and embryo flush. The hypocrisy is fully realized when Dr. Blodgett, who at the time was the Chairman of the Stud Book & Registration Committee, the group who consider the proposed rules of registration and answer to no other committee, fully exposed these dangers and hardships on a horse while voicing his opposition under sworn oath testimony. However, Dr. Blodgett has been one of the most prolific users of multiple embryo transfer technology since 1985, long before the Kay Floyd v AQHA lawsuit.
Click for Dr. Glenn Blodgett Testimony>>
As a breeder, I have always been opposed to many of the breeding rule adoptions of AQHA, (i.e.) Multiple Embryo Transfer that allows a mare to produce multiple same genetic-type foals in a single breeding season instead of adhering to the “one-mare, one-foal” breeding theory, essentially limiting or maintaining the narrowing of the genetic pool by eliminating or controlling mass production of a single genetic type. By Dr. Blodgett’s testimony, this breeding rule also contradicts AQHA’s own mission statement, “To ensure the American Quarter Horse is treated humanely, with dignity, respect and compassion at all times.”
The magnitude of the mass expansion of a specific genetic line of horses by multiple embryo transfer is realized in past computations resulting from the analysis of seven (7) separate Quarter Horse Racing mares that produced 174 foals during a specified time, averaging 24.85 babies each. Such an expansion of a specific genetic line also has an adverse effect on the breed in that it further narrows the genetic pool, which under normal circumstances reduces the odds of inbreeding. In addition, this breeding technology also contributes to an over population of Quarter Horses.
In Part 2, of the article, Dr. Molly McCue specifically addresses the effect Multiple Embryo Transfer is having on the industry.
Click for Horse Genetics Part 2>>
What It Means
“We are changing the genetic landscape in the Quarter Horse within the top-level performance groups,” stated Dr. McCue. “This study clearly demonstrates that we’re concentrating the genetics within certain lines of Quarter Horses and we’re increasing inbreeding within particular performance groups.
“A horse’s conformation affects his ability to perform certain tasks. Read more about this interesting concept in AQHA’s Form to Function report.
Click for “Form To Function” Report>>
“Longstanding breeding practices likely contribute to that. Habits such as “popular sire syndrome,” which is the tendency for many breeders to breed to a top-performing stallion, or the use of assisted reproductive techniques such as frozen semen and embryo transfers can greatly amplify one individual’s genetic impact. Even the practice of always breeding the ‘best to the best’ can contribute to increased inbreeding in a subpopulation.
“Any time we take a single individual and increase its ability to generate offspring, that is going to decrease the genetic pool that is reproducing.
“Additionally, when you increase inbreeding and reduce diversity, you increase the incidence of undesirable genes making an appearance.
“A good example is the incidence of HERDA (hereditary equine regional dermal asthenia) in cutting horses. It’s very frequent within this subpopulation, which might be the result of decreasing diversity and/or the ‘popular-sire’ effect. A previous study revealed that 28.3 percent of cutting-bred individuals carried the recessive gene for HERDA.”
A textbook example of the advantages of the “Frozen Semen” breeding rule, as it relates to a specific classification of horse, can be illustrated by examining the history of an AQHA Quarter Horse Racing member Frank “Scoop” Vessels and his history-making stallion First Down Dash. Mr. Vessels, an avid Quarter Horse Racing breeder, died in a plane crash on Aug. 11, 2010. On Nov. 28, 2010, a press release from the AQHA announced that First Down Dash died on Thanksgiving Day at the Vessels Breeding Farm in California.
Under the old rule, frozen semen could only be available until the end of the year the stallion died in. However, thereafter, the AQHA quietly changed the frozen semen breeding rule to extend a stallion’s frozen semen indefinitely. This extension makes a dead or sterile horse immortal, so-to-speak. Even though he died in 2010, according to the AQHA records, in 2012 he sired 68 foals.
Breeding dead horses from the grave and sterile horses that should be culled, (i.e.) removed from the genetic pool at death or sterility, are still introducing their genetic lines in today’s breeding market. The normal course of a breeding sire is that he is born, lives, reproduces and dies. Afterwards, his progeny carries on the genetic line from generation to generation. By allowing the reintroduction of a dead or sterile horse’s genetics over the years simply means he could be breeding with horses that already carry his line of genetics, further shrinking the genetic pool and possibly causing a concern of inbreeding and disease among the industry.
A more prudent option would be to seek a genetic out-cross instead of an in-cross. A plausible question for the AQHA powers-that-be emanating from the frozen semen breeding rule is: “Why are stallion owners with live horses having to compete for a fair market breeding share against deceased or sterile horses that should have been removed from the breeding roster at death or sterility?” At this stage of the breeding game, wouldn’t it be more responsible for AQHA to design a genetic breeding profile similar to the “Magic Cross” that breeders have used for years to breed performance horses, to minimize or eliminate the in-breeding concept identified by Dr. Molly McCue’s study.
Dissecting the Recent Select Yearling Sale:
For a look at today’s diversity, or lack thereof, in the cutting horse, the 50 horses auctioned off during the NCHA Select Yearling Sale, held Dec. 9 during the NCHA Futurity, were put in a data base. The yearlings were the highest of the six sales, averaging $71,655, carrying a $53,000 median (halfway between the highest- and lowest-selling horse), and the high seller brought a whopping $255,000. This sale was chosen as it represented the best-of-the best of today’s upcoming cutting horses.
Twelve stallions were represented, with every stallion having Three Bars represented on both the top and bottom sides of their pedigrees, mostly through Doc Bar. Of the 47 dams represented, only four didn’t have Three Bars on both sides of their pedigrees. The results were amazing.
Tracking included how many times the sires of the horses selling went back to Three Bars, along with the dams of the horses selling – then those figures were added together to get a total and that total was ranked by the median, which is half-way between the highest and lowest total, with the highest total representing the most Three Bars in the pedigree and the least diversity.
The highest median (meaning the least diversity) went to yearlings sired by Spots Hot, with four going under the gavel (included were horses that sold and horses that didn’t, using their last bid). The median for those four head was 12.5, meaning that the yearlings went back to Three Bars, both on the top and bottom side, 12.5 times. The highest was 13 and the lowest 10. As an individual Spots Hot goes back to Three Bars three times on the sires’s side and three times on his dam’s side, for a total of six.
His sire Chula Dual went back to Three Bars through his sire Dual Pep, out of Miss Dual Doc by Doc’s Remedy by Doc Bar by Lightning Bar by Three Bars. Chula Dual’s dam, Smart Fancy Lena, is sired by Smart Little Lena by Doc O’Lena by Doc Bar. Smart Fancy Lena’s dam, Docs Fancy Peppy, is out of Docs Fancy Pants by Doc Bar.
Spots Hot’s dam, Sweet Shorty Lena went back to Three Bars three times, with her sire Shorty Lena being sired by Doc O’Lena by Doc Bar and her dam, Quixotes R Sugar by Son O Sugar by Sugar Bars by Three Bars and dam Zan Ote by Doc Quixote by Doc Bar.
Next was Metallic Cat, whose offspring went back to Three Bars a median of 11 times with the highest being 11 (4 of them) and the lowest 8.
The individual sale horse with the highest individual score, a 16, was Miss Stylish Katz, selling for $152,000. She was sired by High Brow Cat out of Miss Stylish Pepto by Peptoboonsmal. She went back to Three Bars three times through her sire High Brow Cat and 13 times through her dam. Miss Stylish Pepto went back to Three Bars nine times through her sire One Stylish Pepto and four times through her dam Miss Silver Poppy who was sired by Dualin Gun out of Docs Poppy King.
The highest-selling yearling, Tappin A Cold Brew, bringing $255,000, was sired by Smooth As A Cat out of Tapt Twice by Dual Pep. Smooth As A Cat went back to Three Bars four times through Doc Bar and Tapt Twice also went back to Three Bars four times through Doc Bar for a total of 8. Smooth As A Cat had a median of 8.
Click for Yearling Sale chart>>
With all of this information in mind, wouldn’t it be beneficial for the AQHA and the Quarter Horse Industry to take a step back and rethink and reexamine the impact these two breeding methodologies are having on the American Quarter Horse and its members and adjust accordingly instead of providing breeding rules that may be harmful to the breed and cater to the rich and affluent members of the association? Coincidentally, the rich and affluent are the only ones who can afford such extravagant breeding methods anyway.
In conclusion, I would recommend to AQHA, pursuant to my Risk Analysis of the multiple embryo transfer and frozen semen rules, that these two rules in their present form and use is in direct conflict with AQHA’s Mission Statement and is a direct contributor to the shrinking of American Quarter Horse genetics as stated in Dr. Molly McCue’s study.
Also, who was the officer in charge of Breed Integrity during these rule changes? I believe it was Tom Pereschino, Executive Director of Competition and Breed Integrity, who in the last IRS 990 was shown as receiving a salary of $181,187, which included a $7,873 bonus and is a $25,440 increase from the prior year.
Until Next Time, Keep ‘ Em Between The Bridles!
Copyright 2015, Rick Dennis, all rights reserved. ©
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NCHA FUTURITY CUTTING HORSE SALE AVERAGES $24,360;
TOP 10 AVERAGE $72.400
Article and photos by Glory Ann Kurtz
Jan. 3, 2015
Bet On A Cat was not only the high-selling horse of the NCHA Futurity Cutting Horse Sale but he was the highest seller at all six sales held during the NCHA Futurity. He is shown here working without a bridle.
When the last of 121 horses had left the sale ring following the NCHA Futurity Cutting Horse Sale, Western Bloodstock Sale owner Jeremy Barwick knew he had broke records throughout the sales held Dec. 8-13, but he especially broke them during the NCHA Futurity Cutting Horse Sale held Dec. 13, the final day of the six sales.
The sale, held for trained cutting horses and 3-year-olds, beat the 2013 sales by three-fold numbers. With 121 horses going through the sale arena, 98 (81%) changed hands, netting $2,387,300 for a $24,360 average and a $17,000 median (halfway between the highest- and lowest-selling horse). In 2013, the same sale featured 41 head consigned, 36 sold for $287,500, averaging $7,986 for a $7,750 median.
Click for sale comparisons 2014-2015>>
The only item that was higher last year was the high seller. Last year Kittyswood, a 2009 daughter of Woody Be Tuff, consigned by Robert Ballard, was the highest-selling cutting horse, bringing a final bid of $125,000 from Fults Ranch.
This year’s high selling horse was Bet On A Cat, bringing $110,00. The 2008 sorrel gelding by High Brow Cat out of Bet On Houston by Peptoboonsmal was consigned by Chad Bushaw’s Crown Ranch LP. The gelding, with $313,469 in lifetime earnings, including the 2012 NCHA Non-Pro Derby Championship and fifth in the Open, sold to The Over Forty Ranch, Wichita Falls, Texas. . According to Western Bloodstock, the price was the highest paid for any horse at any of the six sales.
The top 10 cutting horses selling reaped $724,000, averaging $72,400. The top 10 horses listed earnings from the $313,469 won by the high-selling horse down to $24,284. Those top selling horses earned a total of $1,047,617, averaging $104,762 each.
That Sly Bob (DNA) was the second high-selling horse bringing $90,000. He is shown being demonstrated by his trainer Paul Hansma.
The second high-selling horse was That Sly Bob (DNA), a 2008 sorrel gelding sired by That Sly Cat out of Cotton Candy (DNA) by Bob Acre Doc, with $161,361 in lifetime earnings. Consigned by Dub and Christy Leeth, he was demonstrated by trainer Paul Hansma and sold for $90,000.
Third was Chulas Merada, a 2004 sorrel mare with $153,378 in earnings, consigned by Robert Charles and Aly Brown. Sired by Chula Dual out of Little Lena Merada by Smart Little Lena, she sold for $84,000. She was originally trained by Matt Budge and demonstrated by trainer Bill Pierce.
Johnny Reyngo, with $144,122 in lifetime earnings, brought $80,000. The 2010 sorrel gelding was consigned by the 51 Partners and was in training with Tatum Rice.
Johnny Reyngo, a 2010 sorrel gelding with $144,122 in lifetime earnings, was the fourth high seller, bringing $80,000. Sired by Dual Rey out of Hissy Cat by High Brow Cat, he was third in the 2013 NCHA Open Futurity and split 8th in the 2014 NCHA Open Derby. Consigned by The 51 Partners, he is in training with Tatum Rice. Hissy Cat has two 3-year-olds, with a full sister to Johnny Reyngo, Hissterya, also being sired by Dual Rey earning $98,000 and the other, sired by Spots Hot, earning $89,679.
Click for high-selling horses chart>>
Sueper Time, the highest-selling horse by One Time Pepto, the sire with the most offspring selling with the highest average, He sold for $77,000.
The leading sire of the sale was One Time Pepto, with eight offspring earning a total of $281,000, averaging $35,125. The highest-selling horse by One Time Pepto was Sueper Time, a 2009, sorrel mare, with $39,136 in earnings, out of Sues Barn Cat ($161,494) by High Brow Cat, consigned by Von and Andrea Sutton, that sold for $77,000. She was originally trained by Roger Wagner and was currently in training by Sean Flynn.
New Cut In Town, a blue roan stallion out of Shorty Lena Girl by Shorty Lena, was the second high-selling horse sired by leading sire One Time Pepto, bringing $60,000.
The second high seller by One Time Pepto, bringing $60,000, was New Cut In Town, a 2008 blue roan stallion, with $56,989 in earnings out of Shorty Lena Girl by Shorty Lena, consigned by Albert and Colette Benson. In training with Phil Rapp, his first foals, two APHA registered, arrived in 2013.
Also One Time Dually, a 2010 red roan gelding out of Zee Dually ($228,410) by Dual Pep, brought a $55,000 final bid. Consigned by Arthur Noble and in training with Austin Shepard, the gelding earned $24,264
The second leading sire of horses selling was High Brow Cat, with six head averaging $34,500, followed by Peptoboonsmal, with three head averaging $33,667.
Click for top sires with offspring>>
Click for numerical list of horses selling>>
Click for sale catalog>>
I HOPE YOU HAD A VERY MERRY CHRISTMAS AND THAT YOUR NEW YEAR WILL BE FILLED WITH SUCCESS!!
Jan. 1, 2015
The year 2014 has been filled with happiness for me and success for my Internet web site AllAboutCutting.com, as well as my free E-Newsletter. Personally, due to my great help at my Texas ranchette, I have been able to spend the entire summer at my log cabin in the middle of the Pike Forest in Colorado. My little dog Billie and I were able to take walks around the lake morning and night and she has been able to chase ground squirrels, deer, rabbits and any other wildlife that run when they see her coming.
All the while, I was able to keep up my web site www.allaboutcutting.com, through an Internet connection with the help of friends and a small group of talented writers who love horses, justice and transparency as much as I do. Thanks to them, the web site I created has made strides that when I started it seven years ago, I never would have dreamed would come true! A look at today’s statistics show that since Jan. 1, 2014, I have had 195,221 unique visitors visiting my site 600,120 times, looking at over an astounding 2.3 million pages.
I only hope that some of our educational articles have helped you the reader and the controversial articles will make some difference within the horse industry. I have a whole list of great suggestions from my readers for articles and I am trying to get to them as soon as possible.
Now I would love to help you reach my readers with your business, products or stallions as breeding season is right around the corner. Click on the following link for my ad rates, which I feel are very competitive and unlike a print publication that individuals read once, they are coming back to this site daily to read current news. Large banner ads will also give you a free article about your company.
Click for ad rates>>
Click for current statistics>>
If you are currently an advertiser, thanks a million! If you are a reader, thanks to you too and I hope you continue to enjoy this site – and tell your friends about it. Thanks again to my advertisers and readers and I hope 2015 will be filled with success for you.
BILL RICHARDSON AUCTION SALE SCHEDULED FOR THURSDAY, JAN. 1
HORSES, EQUIPMENT, TRUCKS, TRAILERS AND TACK WILL SELL BEGINNING AT 11 A.M.
By Glory Ann Kurtz
Jan. 27, 2014
A sale will be held Thursday, Jan. 1, at 11 a.m. at the JL Arena in Whitesboro, and will include all of Bill Richardson’s belongings including horses, equipment, tricks, trailers and tack.
Bill Richardson, Whitesboro, Texas, was probably the best-known horse trader in the entire Western horse business and his untimely death on Dec. 3 at the age of 53 was a shock to everyone who knew him. During his funeral, it was said if there was a Hall of Fame for Horsetraders, he would be in there, and if there were an award for the Best Horse Trader, he would have won it hands down. He was also well known to help a lot of horse owners and horses during hard times, even some who had been on top at one time.
Now to disburse his estate, there will be a sale of his belongings, including horses, equipment, trucks, trailers and tack, on Thursday, Jan. 1 beginning at 11 a.m. at the JL Arena (Jared Lesh Cowhorses), located at 10801 E. Highway, 82, in Whitesboro, Texas.
Nearly 50 horses will be auctioned off, including two daughters of Shining Spark, an embryo by Dash Ta Fame out of a PYC paint Your Wagon mare, a gelding by Mr Skyline Peppy, a stallion by Tamulena and another by SR Instant Choice, a filly by Bet Hesa Cat, and many more.
Following is a link to Richardson’s B and R Horse Sales facebook page:
If for some reason the link doesn’t work, go to B and R Horse Sales Facebook page. Just click on the horse or piece of equipment that interests you and details and more items will come up.
If you have any questions, e-mail Jared Lesh at firstname.lastname@example.org or Sarah at Sarahlesh@aol.com or call 405-269-3467.
NCHA SELECT YEARLING SALE TOPS 2013 IN NET AND AVERAGE
HIGH SELLER $45,000 OVER LAST YEAR
By Glory Ann Kurtz
Dec. 11, 2014
Tappin A Cold Brew, a son of Smooth As A Cat out of Tapt Twice consigned by Waco Bend Ranch, was the high-selling horse of the NCHA Select Yearling Sale, bringing $255,000 from David Taurel, Whitesboro, Texas. Photo by Glory Ann Kurtz
The sale of Tappin A Cold Brew for $255,000 put the icing on the cake of the NCHA Select Yearling Sale, held Tuesday, Dec. 9 in the Will Rogers Complex Round-Up Inn during the NCHA Futurity. The son of Smooth As A Cat out of the great mare Tapt Twice (LTE $823,504) by Dual Pep, was consigned by the Waco Bend Ranch, Ltd., and sold to David Taurel, Whitesboro, Texas.
With only two more horses selling this year, the 2014 sale by far beat last year, with net sales of $3,009,500 ($549,000 better than 2013) in the sellling of 42 of the 50 head in the lineup and $10,142 higher in the average ($71,655 to 2013’s $61,513). The only measurement that didn’t increase was the median, which was down $6,000 from last year’s $59,000 to this year’s $53,000. (median is half way between the highest- and lowest-selling horse). The highest-selling horse was up $45,000 this year, with last year’s high seller, A Smooth Satin Doll, being $210,000.
Click for link to Comparison Chart>>
The second high-selling horse, Copperish (Metallic Cat x Stylish Play Lena) by Docs Stylish Oak, consigned by Double Dove Ranch, was purchased for $210,000 by Jimmie Miller Smith, Gary, Okla. Photo by Glory Ann Kurtz
The second high-selling horse, Copperish (Metallic Cat x Stylish Play Lena (LTE $289,524) by Docs Stylish Oak, consigned by Double Dove Ranch, was purchased for $210,000 by Jimmie Miller Smith, Gary, Okla. Last year’s second highest-selling horse (Reydirkulous) sold for $157,000.
The third high-selling horse was Cattuccino,bringing $175,000, is a daughter of Metallic Cat out of Cappuccino And Pasta by CD Olena ($155,522), that is a full sister to the stallion Eight Mile, the high-selling horse of the 2-Year-Old Sale held one day earlier, bringing $400,000. Both horses were consigned by Chad Bushaw’s Crown Ranch.
Seven horses in this year’s sale sold for over $100,000.
Click for horses in catalog order>>
Click for horses selling – High to Low>>
LEADING SIRES BY AVERAGE:
With 12 sires being represented in the 50-horse sale, Metallic Cat topped the average, with five offspring netting $557,000 for an $111,400 average. His two top sellers were Copperish and Cattuccino. Prices ranged from the $210,000 down to $52,000.
The second leading sire was Smooth As A Cat, with seven of his offspring going through the sale and five selling, netting $$434,000 and averaging $86,800, including the high-selling horse Tappin A Cold Brew at $255,000, down to $32,000, . Two of his offspring offered did not change hands as their reserve prices indicated by the sellers were not reached.
The third sire in the average was High Brow Cat, with nine of his 10 consignments selling for $778,000 for an $86,444.44 average. His high-seller, bringing $160,000, was Desires Cat Dot Com. The beautiful sorrel filly, consigned by Rocking 5 Ranch, is out of Desire Some Freckles ($205,444) by Freckles Playboy. High Brow Cat’s second high seller was Miss Stylish Katz, out of Miss Stylish Pepto ($224,930) by Peptoboonsmal and consigned by Glenn and Debbie Drake.
High Brow CD was the fourth leading sire with three head netting $196,000 for a $65,333.33 average. His high seller was Staci Stargun, out of Amanda Stargun (LTE $92,573) by Playgun, bringing $120,000. She was consigned by the Sunrise Ranch.
Dual Rey had the most offspring in the sale, with 12 consigned and nine selling for $539,500, averaging $59,944.44, for fifth in the average. His high-selling horse at $135,000 was Hissys Fit, out of Hissy Cat (LTE $314,699) by High Brow Cat, consigned by Jeff and Jennifer Foland.
Click for Sire Chart>>
LEADING MATERNAL GRANDSIRES BY AVERAGE:
With 20 maternal grandsires represented in the Yearling Sale, Freckles Playboy (deceased, but with frozen semen available) topped the list, with five head netting $399,000 for a $199,500 average. His top selling grandbaby was Desires Cat Dot Com at $160,000 and prices went down to $50,000.
The second leading maternal grandsire was Dual Pep, with two head netting $320,000 and averaging $160,000. His highest-selling grandbaby was Tappin A Cold Brew – while the second grandbaby sold for $65,000.
The third leading maternal grandsire was Docs Stylish Oak, with three grandbabies netting $287,000 and averaging $95,666.67. The highest selling was, Copperish, at $210,000 and from there prices went down to $32,000.
Fourth was Peptoboonsmal, with three head netting $280,000 and averaging $93,333.33. His high-selling grandbaby was Miss Stylish Katz, sired by High Brow Cat out of Miss Stylish Pepto (LTE $224,930), and prices went down to $48,000. One consignment did not reach its reserve.
Playgun was the fifth highest maternal grandsire, with four consignments netting $290,000 for a $72,500 average. The high seller was Staci Stargun at $120,000 and then went down to $45,000.
Nine maternal grandsires only had one grandbaby selling, while one maternal grandsire had none changing hands.
Click for Maternal Grandsire chart>>
NCHA 2-YEAR-OLD SALE A BRIGHT SPOT FOR CUTTING
HIGH SELLER BRINGS $400,000
By Glory Ann Kurtz
Dec. 8, 2014
Updated Dec. 10, 2014
Eight Mile, the high-selling horse in the NCHA 2-Year-Old Sale. Consigned by Chad and Amy Bradshaw, shown by Hunter Meinzer, the Metallic Cat x Cappuccino and Pasta, was purchased by Daniel and Nancy Burkes, Hibbing, Minn. Photo by Glory Ann Kurtz.
The NCHA 2-Year-Old Sale, held at the Will Rogers Complex in Fort Worth, Texas, was actually held indoors in the Watt Arena, but it was a bright day in the cutting industry. With 163 consignments and 154 horses going through the sale ring, 118 sold for $3,974,700 for a $33,684 average. However, 36 were passed out (or RNA – Reserve Not Achieved) for $1,373,650, averaging $38,157. When all was said and done, 76.6 percent of the horses changed hands. The median (halfway between highest- and lowest-selling horse) was $18,750.
The sale easily beat the 2013 2-Year-Old Sale that included 160 consigned horses with 108 selling for a gross of $4,016,050 and a $25,100 average. When the pass outs were factored in, 108 changed hands for $2,537,650 for a $23,497 average and a $13,750 median.
The high-selling horse, No. 1090, Eight Mile, a beautiful sorrel stud colt by Metallic Cat out of Cappuccino And Pasta by CD Olena, brought a whopping $400,000. The buyers were Daniel and Nancy Burkes, Hibbing, Minn. It was also announced that the sale was a record for a 2-year-old at the NCHA Futurity Sales.
Chad Bushaw’s Crown Ranch sold the high-selling colt in the NCHA 2-Year-Old Sale. Chad is shown with his wife Amy. Photo by glory Ann Kurtz
Sold by Chad Bushaw’s Crown Ranch, the beautiful colt was ridden by Hunter Meinzer. Metallic Cat, one of the hottest stallions in the industry, has lifetime earnings of $637,711. Cappuccino And Pasta, has earnings of $155,522 with 13 money and point-earners chalking up $477,041.
Bushaw also had a red roan full sister to Eight Mile, Cattuccino, that was the third high-selling horse in the Yearling sale, bringing $175,000.
Second high-selling horse was Ichis My Choice, a bay filly by Cat Ichi out of My Little Abra by Abrakadabracre consigned by Todd Nelson and shown and trained by Richard Jordan. The filly brought a $300,000 final bid. Cat Ichi has earnings of $306,191 and My Little Abra has $64,220 in earnings.
Third high seller was Mosses Man, a sorrel son of Metallic Cat out of Nurse Moss by Dual Pep, consigned by Double Dove Ranch, Benbrook, Texas and shown by Hayden Upton. It was announced from the podium that the beautiful stallion brought $210,000 from Bobby and Dottie Hill, Glenrose, Texas. Eight breedings that could be transferred were retained by the sellers.
Ichis Choice, consigned by Todd Nelson, Altos, Calif., and shown by Richard Jordan, Parma, Idaho, was purchased by Constance Jaeggi of Switzerland and Weatherford for $300,000. Photo by Glory Ann Kurtz
The above figures and chart below were confirmed on the Western Bloodstock web site. The sale was managed by Jeremy Barwick’s Western Bloodstock. Auctioneers included Don Green, Steve Friskup and Justin Holmberg. Pedigree commentary was by Wade Cunningham, Jayson Jackson, Spence Kidney and Phil Rapp. Tote board and video operations were by Stuart Barringer, Auction Associates.
Upcoming will be a dissection of the sale by sires, maternal grandsires, sellers, etc.
For a copy of the sale catalog and videos and photos of the horses, go to www.westernbloodstock.com and click on 2-Year-Old Futurity Sale.
Click for 2-Year-Old Sale Results>>
Click for sale results – high to low>>